OVER Clause in Oracle SQL – PLSQL

In simple terms the OVER clause in Oracle SQL / PLSQL specifies the partition or order in which an analytical function will operate.

Syntax for the OVER clause in Oracle SQL / PLSQL is:
SELECT columns
,aggregate_function OVER (PARTITION BY column(s))
FROM table_name;

Example 1:

Using OVER clause

Suppose we have a table named ‘employee’ as shown below:

Employee_Id Employee_Name Salary Department Commission
101 Emp A 10000 Sales 10
102 Emp B 20000 IT 20
103 Emp C 28000 IT 20
104 Emp D 30000 Support
105 Emp E 32000 Sales 10
106 Emp F 40000 Sales 10

If we write our query as:

SELECT employee_id
       ,COUNT(*) OVER (PARTITION BY department) Total
FROM employee;

We will get the following result:

Employee_Id Employee_Name Department Total
103 Emp C IT 2
102 Emp B IT 2
106 Emp F Sales 3
105 Emp E Sales 3
101 Emp A Sales 3
104 Emp D Support 1

Here we have used the OVER clause to get ‘Total’ column where we have retrieved ‘2’ for ‘IT’ department as there are ‘2’ records available in employee table for ‘IT’ department similarly we have ‘3’ and ‘1’ records for ‘Sales’ and ‘Support’ departments.

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